Diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases
We welcome children and adults who have been diagnosed with or are suspected of having an allergic disease. The centre diagnoses, treats and advises children and adults with allergic rhinitis, asthma, allergic skin rashes, urticaria and food allergies and/or intolerances. We also perform tests for medication allergies and, if possible, help restore tolerance to the medication that caused the allergy.
To find the causes for allergic diseases, we use skin prick tests, epicutaneous tests (or application tests) as well as determination of specific antibodies from blood. We use spirography to assess lung volume and airway permeability and we use FeNO determination to assess allergic inflammation of the airways.
We also have years of experience in allergen-specific immunotherapy for patients with pollen allergy, household dust mite allergy, animal allergy and insect venom allergy. Allergen-specific immunotherapy is currently the only treatment that interferes with the course of the disease and helps create tolerance to the allergen that caused the allergy. We perform allergen-specific immunotherapy for both children and adults.
Chronic urticaria or hives
Urticaria or hives can manifest as itchy blisters and/or swelling of the skin. In the case of a chronic illness, complaints have been present for more than six weeks, the illness can be very exhausting and its course can be quite unpredictable. We offer the best urticaria diagnostics in Estonia and world-class treatment for patients with both acute and chronic urticaria.
In primary immunodeficiency (PID), a congenital genetic defect leads to a defect or dysfunction of some specific part(s) of the immune system. This can manifest as, for example, an infection caused by an unusual pathogen, an uncommon course or duration of illness or frequent recurrent infections.
Our goal is the earliest possible diagnosis and complex treatment of patients with primary immunodeficiency. In the treatment of immunodeficiencies, we implement modern diagnostics and treatment methods, and in the case of less common forms of the deficiencies, we also involve specialists from outside our hospital, when necessary. Since 2011, the Centre for Allergology and Immunology has been part of the Jeffrey Model Foundation's Global Network of Immunodeficiency Centres.
We recommend a consultation with a primary immunodeficiency specialist if you have two or more of the following danger signs:
- four or more acute otitis media episodes in a year
- two or more acute sinusitis episodes in a year
- antibiotic treatment has not given a significant effect for two or more months
- two or more pneumonia episodes in a year
- lack of growth and weight gain in a child
- recurrent deep bacterial inflammation of the skin or internal organs
- persistent fungal infection of the mouth or on the skin
- treatment with intravenous antibiotics is necessary to gain control of infections
- two or more invasive infections, including septicaemia
- occurrence of immunodeficiency in the family